8 May 2014

Rainfall and Runoff in the western region of Libya As Climate change Indicators

Abstract

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The third assessment report of intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC)  represented a consensus among the world’s leading climate scientists that rapid climate changes were occurring on a global scale and define climate change as “any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result  of human activity”. Climate change indicators  should give an overview of the climate and it’s development. Climate change indicators are primarily used to simplify the complex reality and to communicate, more succinctly of critical information regarding climate trends. In establishing indicators, a distinguish can be made between primary indicators based on analysis of directly observed meteorological data, and secondary indicators based on responses of the living world to climate changes which provoke in living organisms. Precipitation data in the region were obtained from the Libyan National Climate Center (LNCC). The runoff collected in  dams records  were obtained from General Water Authority (GWA). The research has assessed a few of potential indicators  for western region of Libya and has established several potentially valuable data sources which satisfy or partially satisfy the requirements that a good indicators should have. The  runoff monitoring began 1972 when there is no awareness of climate change, but the importance of this data has now been realized. Both the meteorological data and water resource monitoring data have been shown to provide useful information on climate change in Libya. Clearly the climate in Libya is changing, as it always has, and as it always will. The indicators examined in this study suggest that despite a maritime location buffered by the Mediterranean sea from extremes of climate. Libya is mirroring, albeit at a some what delayed the climate change rate, not as the trends apparent at global scale. This study show importance of climatological data and water resource data records, and importance of depending on charting of climate data for more accuracy in predicting climate change.

Key words: Climate, Climate change,  Climate change indicators, Libya. Western region,

 

Writer

Dr.Abdulfatah F Aboufayed

PERSONAL INFORMATION:

Name: Abdulfatah Faraj Aboufayed

Date of birth: 25/12/1961

Nationality: Libyan

Address: Department of soil and water

Faculty of Agriculture

Tripoli University.

Tripoli - Libya

EDUCATION:

1- Scientific secondary school certificate from Gharian secondary school in the study year 1978/1979.

2- BSc degree in soil and water science in February1984 with average grade of good, from Soil and Water Dept Faculty of Agriculture Al-Fatsh University.

3- MSc degree in soil and water science in 21/10/1991 with average grade of very good, from Al-Fateh University. Master's thesis title, Study relation of Libyan soils properties to its erodiability factor.

4- PhD degree in Environmental resources management in 2007 from University college Dublin – National university of Ireland .Doctor Philosophy thesis title, Nutrient content in surface and subsurface water flow in limestone.

5- Pass the post graduate course in research method organized by the department of statistics University college- National university of Ireland Dublin during 2003/2004 academic year.

6- Got the European computer driving license in 2007 from Irish computer society center.

EMPLOYMENT:

1- Engineer in general Water drilling company from 1984 – 1986 in Tripoli-Libya.

2- Post graduate student in Soil and Water Dept Faculty of Agriculture Al-Fatsh University from 1987 - 1991 in Tripoli-Libya.

3- University staff member in Faculty of dry agriculture Eljabell Algherbee University from 1992- 1999 in Zentan-Libya.

4- University staff member in Soil and Water Dept Faculty of Agriculture Al-Fatsh University from 1999 up to date in Tripoli-Libya

5-Post graduate student in Biology and Environment school University College Dublin – National university of Ireland from 2002-2007 in Dublin-Ireland.

Current position: Associate professor in Soil and Water department Faculty of agriculture. University of Tripoli.

 

WORKS AND CHIEVEMENTS:

1-Awarded the First sequence in the scientific research field of the great culture competition over all of the Libya organized by general public committee of culture and media in 1991.

2-Awarded the Forth sequence in the scientific environmental research competition organized by Libyan general environment organization in1997.

3- Established Soil water erosion station in dry agriculture faculty research station in Zentan in 1995.

5-Evaluate soil erodibility factor by wind for some of Libyan soil in the western zone area of Libya 1996.

6-I had Developed a procedure for estimation of infiltration rates and identified the profile features influenced them 2005.

7- Member of scientific national project for climate change study in Libya.

8- Member of scientific council, World Academy of Science , Engineering and Technology.

 9-Completing the survey form about Condition of Grasslands Species used in the Worlds Pasture and Grasslands Systems made by the International Grassland Congress Sydney, Australia.2013.

10- Invented a method for production of fresh water from air, registered as patent in the Industrial  Research Center, Tripoli, Libya. 2013.

PUBLISHED RESEARCHES:

1-Aboufayed, A.F(1998) Relation of Libyan soils properties to its erodiability factor.           Published journal, Arab universities journal of applied science- Libya. vol.1.no.3;40-51.

2- Aboufayed, A.F(1998) Estimation of erodibility factor for some types of Libyan soils using Whischmeier equation {1978}. Accepted to published in the scientific Agriculture Research journal. Name of publisher: Agriculture research center, Libya

3- Aboufayed, A.F(2002) Measurement of the rate of soil erosion by water for three types of Libyan soils. Published in the Environmental journal (2007). no:9;32-37.

4- Aboufayed, A.F(2006) water preservation in the Libyan western zone area between modern and heritage no;3;13-15.

5- Aboufayed, A.F., and G,W.Smillie(2006) Nutrient content of surface and subsurface water flow in limestone soil. Agricultural research forum, P;20.

6- Aboufayed, A.F.(2013) ; Organic matter content in the western zone soil of Libya.

University Journalof Eljabell Algherbee University.

7-Aboufayed, A.F.(2012) Overland water flow origin and frequency of occurance and it's Nutrient content. Published in the International conference on Biological and Environmentel Science Book.

8- Aboufayed, A.F.(2012) Nutrient content of Irish rainfall Published in Journal of environmental science and engineering (2012).651-655.

9- Aboufayed, A.F.(2013) Soil moisture content in HillField side slope. Published in- International conference on Biosystems and agricultural engineering book.

10- Aboufayed, A.F.(2012) Anion content in surface and subsurface water flow rainfall Published in Journal of environmental science and engineering (2013).142-145.

11- Aboufayed, A.F.(2013). Measuring of surface runoff and amount of eroded soil from soil erosion station for two rain fall seasons. Published by World Academy Of Science, Engineering And Technology84;570-573.

UNPUBLISHED RESEARCHES:

1- Determination of the Infiltration rate Unsing Sprinkler infiltrometer 1984.

2- Measuring of surface runoff and amount of eroded soil from soil erosion station for two rain fall seasons 1995/1996 and 1996/1997. 

3- Water Movement in Hill Field side slope under saturated and unsaturated condition

4- Soil moisture content in Hill-Field side slope 2006.

5- Leaching Of Nutrient From Soil columns  2005.

6- Water potential in Hill-Field side slope 2006.

CONFERENCES AND FORUMES PARTICIPATION:

1- Arabic water security Forum. Tripoli, 1993, Libya. Title of research: Water preservation and rainfall harvesting in the arid and semiarid regions in Arab world. Organized by Libyan agriculture engineering Union Corporation with The Arab Center for the studies of arid zones and dry lands.

2- Arabic Forum about Technical and economic facility to protect surface and ground water Resources Tripoli, 1999. Libya. Title of research: Water preservation in the western zone of Libya between modern & heritage Arab organization for agricultural development.

3- Second university staff scientific meeting. Yeffern, 1994.  Title of paper: Water resource, past, present and future in Libya. . organized by University staff union.

4- Agricultural research forum in Tullamore-Ireland 2006 Title of research: Nutrient content of surface and subsurface water flow in limestone soil. organized by a number of related Irish societies.

5-International Grassland congress Mongolia China 2008 research title; P & N content of surface and subsurface water flow in limestone soil. organized by a number of related International organization.

6- International conference on land and water degradation Processes and management “COMLAND 2009” Magd berg, Germany. From 7th to 12th September 2009 research title; Nutrient content in Irish rain water. organized by a number of related International organization.

7- International conference on land and water degradation Processes and management “Hydrology Conference 2010” San Diego, USA. From 11th to 13th October 2010 research title; Anion content in surface and subsurface water flow in grassland.

8- International congress Geotunis 2010. The use of Gis and remote sensing for sustainable development. Tunisia 29 Nov/3 Dec2010. Research title; Organic matter content in the western zone soil of Libya.

9-1st International Symposium Med Mag Oliva 2012, Monastir – Tunisia 19 -23 February 2012. Research title: Impact of olives oil trees in soil permeability.

10-International conference on Biological and Environmentel Science, and Engineering will be held in Venice, Italy during 11-13 April 2012. Research title: Overland water flow origin and frequency of occurance and it's Nutrient content.

11- International conference on Biosystems and agricultural engineering held in Madrid, Spain during 28-29 March, 2013. Research title: Soil moisture content in HillField side slope.

12- National water conference held in Tripoli, Libya during 22-24October 2013. Tow Researche papers. First research paper title: Water in Libya past, present and future prediction. The second paper title: Estimate aridity index for some Libyan area in the western zone.

13- International conference on Biological and Environmentel Science, and Engineering held in Istanbul, Turkey during 5-6 December 2013. Research title: Measuring of surface runoff and amount of eroded soil from soil erosion station for two rain fall seasons.

 

REFEREES.

Dr. George Smillie PhD Supervisor University college Dublin, Dublin-Ireland.

Email; george.smillie@ucd.ie.

Dr. Rajab M El-Asswad. MSc Degree Supervisor Soil and water Dept Faculty of agriculture Al-Fateh University Tripoli-Libya.

Dr. K. A., Suleiman. Soil and water Dept Faculty of agriculture Al-Fateh University Tripoli-Libya.

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